What Dogs are Brachycephalic or Short-Nosed? [2023]

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If you're a fan of snub-nosed dogs, then you've come to the right place! At Snubby Puppy™, we specialize in all things related to brachycephalic breeds. In this article, we'll explore the world of short-nosed dogs, their unique characteristics, health considerations, airline travel, exercise needs, and provide a comprehensive list of brachycephalic breeds. So sit back, relax, and get ready to learn everything you ever wanted to know about our adorable snub-nosed friends!

Table of Contents


Brachycephalic breeds are dogs with short snouts and compressed faces. These adorable pups often steal our hearts with their unique appearance and lovable personalities. Some popular examples of brachycephalic breeds include the French Bulldog, Pug, and Boston Terrier. However, there are many other breeds that fall under this category. In this article, we will explore the various brachycephalic dogs, their health considerations, exercise needs, and more.

Health Considerations

As much as we adore our snub-nosed companions, it's essential to be aware of the health considerations that come with owning a brachycephalic breed. The short muzzle and compressed face can lead to a variety of health issues, including:

  1. Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS): A common condition in short-nosed dogs, BOAS can cause difficulties in breathing, exercise intolerance, and in severe cases, even collapse. It's important to recognize the signs and provide proper care and attention to your furry friend.
  2. Heat Intolerance: Due to their compromised respiratory systems, brachycephalic dogs can have trouble regulating their body temperature and are more susceptible to heatstroke. It's crucial to provide a cool and comfortable environment for your pet, especially during hot summer months.
  3. Dental Issues: The crowded teeth and narrow jaw structure of brachycephalic dogs can lead to dental problems like tooth decay and gum disease. Regular dental care, including teeth brushing and professional cleanings, is essential to maintain good oral health.
  4. Eye Conditions: Some brachycephalic breeds are prone to eye problems, such as corneal ulcers, dry eye, and protruding eyes. Regular eye exams and proper care can help prevent and manage these conditions.

While these health considerations may seem daunting, with proper care, nutrition, and medical supervision, brachycephalic dogs can lead happy and healthy lives. It's important to consult with your veterinarian for guidance and to stay vigilant about your dog's health needs.

Airline Flights

Traveling with your brachycephalic companion requires some extra planning, especially when it comes to airline flights. Here are some key considerations to keep in mind:

Pros of Airline Travel with Brachycephalic Dogs:

  • The opportunity to bring your furry friend along on your adventures.
  • Enjoy the convenience of having your pet with you during your travels.
  • Avoid the stress of leaving your beloved pet behind.

Cons of Airline Travel with Brachycephalic Dogs:

  • Some airlines have restrictions on brachycephalic breeds due to their breathing concerns.
  • Long flights and time spent in cargo holds can be stressful for your pet.
  • Additional costs and paperwork may be required when traveling with a pet.

Before booking your flight, it's crucial to research the airline's policies on traveling with brachycephalic breeds. Some airlines have specific restrictions or requirements for these dogs. Additionally, consider the duration of the flight, ensuring it's within your pet's comfort level. Plan ahead and make arrangements to provide a safe and comfortable travel experience for your furry friend.


Just like any other dog, brachycephalic breeds require regular exercise to maintain good physical and mental health. However, their exercise needs may differ due to their unique anatomy. Here are some key points to consider:

  1. Moderate Exercise: Brachycephalic breeds may not be able to endure intense physical activities or prolonged exercise sessions. Opt for moderate exercises such as short walks, indoor play sessions, or interactive toys to keep them active without causing strain.
  2. Keep an Eye on Temperature: Due to their reduced ability to regulate body temperature, it's important to avoid exercising your brachycephalic dog during hot or humid weather. Instead, opt for cooler times of the day or provide indoor activities to keep them engaged.
  3. Swimming: Swimming can be an excellent exercise option for brachycephalic dogs. The buoyancy of the water reduces the strain on their joints and provides a refreshing way to stay active. Always supervise your dog while swimming and ensure they have proper safety gear.

Remember, every dog is unique, and their exercise needs may vary. Observe your pet's behavior and consult with your veterinarian to create a tailored exercise routine that suits their needs and limitations.

List of Brachycephalic Breeds

Brachycephalic breeds come in various shapes and sizes. Here is a comprehensive list of some popular brachycephalic breeds:

French BulldogSmallAffectionate, Loyal, Sociable
PugSmallPlayful, Charming, Mischievous
Boston TerrierSmallFriendly, Intelligent, Energetic
BulldogMediumGentle, Docile, Willful
Cavalier King Charles SpanielSmallAffectionate, Gentle, Adaptable
Shih TzuSmallOutgoing, Alert, Friendly

This list is by no means exhaustive, and there are many more brachycephalic breeds out there. Each breed has its unique traits and characteristics, so make sure to research and choose a breed that aligns with your lifestyle and preferences.


What dogs are snub-nosed or brachycephalic?

Snub-nosed or brachycephalic dogs refer to breeds that have a short muzzle and a compressed face. Some popular examples include the French Bulldog, Pug, Boston Terrier, Bulldog, and Shih Tzu. However, many other breeds also fall under this category, so it's important to research before making a decision.

What is a short-nosed dog?

A short-nosed dog, often referred to as a brachycephalic dog, is a breed that has a short and compressed muzzle. This distinctive feature gives them their unique appearance but can also pose certain health challenges, as mentioned earlier.

Is a pit bull a brachycephalic dog?

While pit bulls can have a broad head shape, not all of them fall under the brachycephalic category. Pit bulls are generally considered mesocephalic, which means they have a medium length snout. However, it's important to note that within the pit bull category, there may be individual variations in snout length.

Quick Tips and Facts

  • Short-nosed dogs can make amazing companions due to their affectionate and friendly nature.
  • Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for brachycephalic breeds to monitor their health.
  • Brachycephalic breeds often snore due to their unique airway structure but excessive snoring may be a sign of a respiratory issue.
  • Some brachycephalic breeds may require extra care during extreme weather conditions, as they are more sensitive to temperature changes.
  • The popularity of brachycephalic breeds has increased in recent years, but it's important to research and understand the specific needs and challenges associated with each breed before bringing one into your life.


  1. American Kennel Club. (2023). Brachycephalic Syndrome in Dogs.
  2. University of California, Davis. (2023). Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS).
  3. American Veterinary Medical Association. (2023). Transporting brachycephalic or snub-nosed dogs.
  4. McMillan, F. D. (2017). Canine Behavior Problems: A Complete Guide to Correcting Undesirable Behavior in Dogs and Puppies. Dogwise Publishing.

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